Moses Waddel (1770-1840)

On January 25, 1767, the ship from Ireland bearing William Waddel, his wife, and five daughters made port in Charleston, South Carolina. William moved his family from the Low-Country to the hills of what is currently Iredell County (at that time a part of Rowan County), North Carolina, and settled near the waters of the Yadkin River. On July 29, 1770 diminutive and premature Moses was born the third and last of three sons in the recently constructed Waddel home. His education was obtained as he had the opportunity and his family could afford the fees. An important educational influence on his life was the Presbyterian clergyman and teacher James Hall (1744-1826) who tutored him and in later years founded Ebenezer Academy at Bethany Church near Statesville. Rev. Hall had received his education at Nassau Hall, in New Jersey during the presidency of John Witherspoon.

Moses Waddel went on to study at Hampden-Sidney College in Virginia, where he was graduated in the fall of 1791. He presented himself to Hanover Presbytery as a ministerial candidate and was licensed to preach on May 12, 1792. Following a brief stay and ministry in Virginia, he opened a school in Columbia County, Georgia, about two miles east of the town of Appling, where he also accepted a pastoral call to the Carmel Church.

In 1795, Moses married Catherine Calhoun, who was the sister of John C. Calhoun. John had been a student of Rev. Waddel when he taught in Georgia. Moses and Catherine had a brief life together because of her death within a year of their marriage due to complications from childbirth. The infant daughter soon followed her mother to the grave. In 1800, Moses married Elizabeth Woodson Pleasants and they enjoyed the blessings of four sons and two daughters.

Rev. Waddel left Georgia in 1801 to open a school on the Savannah River in Vienna, Abbeville District, South Carolina. His residential proximity to the Hopewell Church (also called the Lower Long Cane Church) gave him the opportunity to serve as its pastor when in the fall he accepted a call. He moved his academy to Willington and resigned from his ministry with the Hopewell Church in 1804. One writer described the Willington school property in its early days as the campus developed.

For educational purposes he had at first but a log house, ventilated by a wide open passage; and as the place seemed so strait, and the number of pupils continually increased, soon a great number of little wooden tents or domiciles surrounded the log cabin, peeping out here and there from among the Chinquapin bushes—some with little pipes of wooden chimneys plastered with mud—others more pretentiously built of brick looking decrepit and rickety; yet supplying all that the erratic wishes of a student might require. (Howe, 2:143)

Henry Alexander White adds to the description of Willington Academy’s campus life noting that when George McDuffie entered the school there were about one hundred eighty pupils who were called to class by the blowing of a horn.

Dr. Waddel continued to lead the Willington Academy until he left to accept the presidency of the University of Georgia at Athens in May 1819. During his service to the university, he was also the founding pastor of the First Presbyterian Church in Athens. Dr. Waddel resigned from the University of Georgia in August 1829, but he continued to work there until he returned to Willington in February 1830. He suffered a stroke in September 1836 and was moved to the residence of his son in Athens where he died July 21, 1840. Moses Waddel was buried in the Oconee Cemetery in Athens. Dr. Waddel had been given a Doctor of Divinity by South Carolina College. His tireless and selfless work not only as a minister but also as an educator provided both spiritual guidance and education for thousands of church members and students.

The children of Moses and Elizabeth included four sons—James Pleasants Waddel was a professor in the University of Georgia for many years; John N. Waddel became the chancellor of the University of Mississippi; Isaac W. Waddel followed in his father’s footsteps as a minister; and W. W. Waddel was a physician.


W. Edgar, South Carolina: A History, Columbia: U.S.C. Press, 1998, was used to supplement the basic church historical information found in standard nineteenth-century Presbyterian biographical and historical sources.


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