Vos Group #44 — Totemism

We continue our #VosGroup series in pages 174–175 of Vos’ book Biblical Theology: Old and New Testaments to consider totemism and Vos’s deep critique of biblicistic modernism. Totemism seeks to explain the distinction between the clean and the unclean by way of “a form of superstition” rooted in “savage tribes and families” who offered worship to certain animals and plants.

Biblicism is any approach to reading Scripture that does not take the creeds and confessions of the church as normed norms that faithfully and accurately reflect the teaching of Scripture, over against heresy and heterodoxy as it has arisen in various forms. You can be either a liberal or conservative, and you can still be a biblicist—it is no respecter of persons in that regard.

Modernism is that movement associated with the Enlightenment, rooted in Kantian philosophy, that seeks a de-supernaturalized history understood as a neutral realm of facts that leads toward an ethical ideal of true humanity (Schleiermacher is central in this regard). Modernists also take the Bible to be like any other historically conditioned book and thus an expression of community biography, rather than a history of progressive, organic, supernatural, covenantal revelation. In other words, modernism represents a neutral, anti-supernaturalistic, religion of ethics. It is Pelagianism come to historical self-consciousness—or come to consciousness of a purely immanent, natural, philosophy of history (Albrect Ritschl is a key figure here).

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Camden Bucey

7 months ago

I misspoke on the episode. That early mimeograph of Biblical Theology was from Toronto Baptist Seminary.

Ryan Noha

7 months ago

And Camden, you were right; it is a 1947 printing.

Lane Tipton

7 months ago

I meant to include toward the end of the episode a reference to Dr. William Dennison’s excellent work on Bultmann, entitled The Young Bultmann: Context for His Understanding of God, 1884-1925. Along with the other works I mentioned, Dennison’s work is another excellent resource that will help readers understand the nature (and failures) of the biblicistic modernist project on the God-world relation.

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