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Q. 49–52, The Second Commandment

Q. 49. Which is the second commandment?
A. The second commandment is, Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; and showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

Q. 50. What is required in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment requireth the receiving, observing, and keeping pure and entire, all such religious worship and ordinances as God hath appointed in his word.

Q. 51. What is forbidden in the second commandment?
A. The second commandment forbiddeth the worshiping of God by images, or any other way not appointed in his word.

Q. 52. What are the reasons annexed to the second commandment?
A. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are, God’s sovereignty over us, his propriety in us, and the zeal he hath to his own worship.

Proof Texts

Q. 49: Ex. 20:4–6; Deut. 5:8–10. Q. 50: Deut. 12:32. Q. 51: Deut. 4:15–19; Rom; 1:22–23; Lev. 10:1–2; Jer. 19:4–5; Col. 2:18–23. Q. 52: Ps. 95:2–3, 6–7; Ps. 96:9–10; Ex. 19:5; Ps. 45:11; Isa. 54:5; Ex. 34:14; 1 Cor. 10:22.

Harmony with the Westminster Standards

WLC 107-110.

Additional Resources

Sermons by James Cassidy on the Westminster Shorter Catechism

Questions 49-52: “The Regulative Principle of Worship, Part 1” and “The Regulative Principle of Worship, Part 2”

Books

Hodge, The System of Theology Contained in the Westminster Shorter Catechism, 89-91.

Vincent, The Shorter Catechism of the Westminster Assembly Explained and Proved From Scripture, 121-130.

Vos, The Westminster Larger Catechism, 281-301.

Watson, The Ten Commandments, 59-84.

Whyte, A Commentary on the Shorter Catechism, 113-118.

Williamson, The Westminster Shorter Catechism for Study Classes, 205-216.

On Key

Courses

Van Til’s Trinitarian Theology

Designed to equip the student to engage critically central issues in trinitarian theology, this course will focus on the architectonic significance of the Trinity both