The Federal Vision

Lane Keister joins us to discuss the Federal Vision, an expression of theology within Reformed circles offering alternative views of the Bible’s covenantal structure, ecclesiology and the sacraments. Lane runs Green Baggins, a blog which has become a popular destination for informed, scholarly discussion of issues in reformed theology.


  • Lane Keister
  • Jim Cassidy
  • Jeff Waddington
  • Nick Batzig
  • Camden Bucey



Beale, G. K. The Temple and the Church’s Mission: A Biblical Theology of the Dwelling Place of God. InterVarsity Press, 2004.

Beisner, E. Calvin., and Fla.). Knox Theological Seminary (Fort Lauderdale. The Auburn Avenue theology, Pros and Cons : Debating the Federal Vision. Fort Lauderdale, FL: Knox Theological Seminary, 2004.

Beougher, Timothy K. Richard Baxter and Conversion : A Study of the Puritan Concept of Becoming a Christian. Fearn, Ross-shire, Scotland: Mentor, 2007.

Clark, R. Scott., and Westminster Seminary California. Covenant, Justification, and Pastoral Ministry : Essays by the Faculty of Westminster Seminary California. Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Pub., 2007.

Jordan, James B. Through New Eyes : Developing a Biblical View of the World. Brentwood, Tenn.: Wolgemuth & Hyatt, 1988.

Köstenberger, Andreas J., and Scott R. Swain. Father, Son and Spirit : the Trinity and John’s Gospel. Nottingham, England; Downers Grove, Illinois: Apollos ; InterVarsity Press, 2008.

Leithart, Peter J. The Baptized Body. Moscow, ID: Canon Press, 2007.

—. The Priesthood of the Plebs : A Theology of Baptism. Eugene, Or.: Wipf and Stock Pub., 2003.

Lusk, Rich. Paedofaith : A Primer on the Mystery of Infant Salvation and a Handbook for Covenantal Parents. Monroe, La.: Athanasius Press, 2005.

MacDonald, Neil B., and Carl R. Trueman. Calvin, Barth and Reformed Theology. Paternoster, 2008.

Meyers, Jeffrey J. The Lord’s Service: The Grace of Covenant Renewal Worship. Canon Press, 2003.

Otis, John M. Danger in the Camp : An Analysis and Refutation of the Heresies of the Federal Vision. Corpus Christi, Tex.: Triumphant Publications, 2005.

Poythress, Vern S. “Kinds of Biblical Theology.” The Westminster Theological Journal 70, no. 1 (Spring 2008): 129–142.

Reymond, Robert. Faith’s Reasons for Believing: An Apologetic Antidote to Mindless Christianity. Mentor, 2008.

Sandlin, Andrew., John H. Armstrong, Don B. Garlington, Mark. Horne, Peter J. Leithart, Rich. Lusk, et al. A Faith That is Never Alone: A Response to Westminster Seminary California. La Grange, Calif.: Kerygma Press, 2007.

Schwertley, Brian M. The Auburn Avenue Theology : A Biblical Critique. Saunderstown, RI; Iola, WI: The American Presbyterian Press ; Covenanted Reformation Press, 2005.

Shepherd, Norman. The Call of Grace : How the Covenant Illuminates Salvation and Evangelism. Phillipsburg, N.J.: P & R Pub., 2000.

Tipton, Lane G. and Jeffrey Waddington, ed. Resurrection and Eschatology : Theology in Service of the Church : Essays in Honor of Richard B. Gaffin, Jr. Phillipsburg N.J.: P&R Pub., 2008.

Vos, Geerhardus, and James T. Dennison. The Letters of Geerhardus Vos. Phillipsburg, N.J.: P&R Pub., 2005.

Waters, Guy Prentiss. The Federal Vision and Covenant Theology : A Comparative Analysis. Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publ., 2006.

Wilkins, J. Steven, and Duane. Garner. The Federal Vision. Monroe, La.: Athanasius Press, 2004.

Wilson, Douglas. “Reformed” is Not Enough. Moscow, Idaho: Canon Press, 2002.

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Christ the Center focuses on Reformed Christian theology. In each episode a group of informed panelists discusses important issues in order to encourage critical thinking and a better understanding of Reformed doctrine with a view toward godly living. Browse more episodes from this program or subscribe to the podcast feed.

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Richard Gushta

12 years ago

re: “informed, scholarly discussion”


Camden Bucey

12 years ago

Well I guess that depends on who’s reading it!


12 years ago

Excellent discussion and overview of the FV. Thanks to Lane K., et al!

Christ the Center « Green Baggins

12 years ago

[…] 27, 2008 at 9:28 am (Federal Vision, Heresy) Some of you might possibly be interested in an interview on the Federal Vision I recently did with Christ the Center group. I think we did get at a basic primer on the Federal Vision, what it […]

An Interview I Did - The PuritanBoard

12 years ago

[…] Interview I Did Some of you might possibly be interested in this interview concerning the Federal Vision I did with the Christ the Center group. I tried to be as basic as […]

Christ the Center Interview Index

11 years ago

[…] Tipton “The Theological Contributions of Richard Gaffin” Lane Keister “The Federal Vision” Gary Johnson Reforming or Conforming Drew Dinardo Reformed Church […]


9 years ago

Have you guys attempted to get a Federal Vision advocate on your show? I think coming from the horses mouth is better than than a secondary source.

Vince Planetta

6 years ago


It would be really great to hear more on the FV. I have always been very perplexed as to how the reformed doctrine of justification fits with the many text that call for obedience as conditions for finial salvation and they seem to be trying to answer this question without a law/gospel hermetic which in my view is very weak.
Thank you for this podcast I listen all the time.

Vince Planetta


6 years ago

We orthodox Lutherans are THRILLED to see the rise of the “Federal Vision” in Reformed circles. However, we Lutherans have another term for it: Lutheranism!

God be praised that the Reformed are coming back to accepting “Repent and be baptized…for the forgiveness of sins” as EXACTLY what God meant and not a mistranslation by Catholic/Anglican/Lutheran translators.

Luther, Baptists, and Evangelicals



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