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The Atonement as Ransom and Substitution

Several words are used to describe the atonement in the New Testament. As we continue our series on the atonement, we explore the atonement as a ransom and substitution for the redemption of the elect.

Course Notes


  • Jim Cassidy
  • Jeff Waddington
  • Camden Bucey


Calvin, John. Institutes of the Christian Religion. 1559th ed. Westminster John Knox Press, 1960.

Tipton, Lane G. and Jeff Waddington, eds. Resurrection and eschatology : theology in service of the church : essays in honor of Richard B. Gaffin, Jr. Phillipsburg N.J.: P&R Pub., 2008.

Garcia, Mark. Life in Christ : the function of union with Christ in the Unio-Duplex Gratia structure of Calvin’s soteriology : with special reference to the relationship of justification and sanctification in, 2004.

Hall, David. A theological guide to Calvin’s Institutes : essays and analysis. Phillipsburg N.J.: P&R Pub., 2008.

—. The legacy of John Calvin : his influence on the modern world. Phillipsburg N.J.: P&R Pub., 2008.

Robertson, O. The hope fulfilled : essays in honor of O. Palmer Robertson. Pillipsburg N.J.: P & R Pub., 2008.

Sproul, R. The truth of the cross. Lake Mary Fla.: Reformation Trust Pub., 2007.

Stott, John. The cross of Christ. England: INTER-VARSITY PRESS, 2006.

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