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The Federal Vision

Lane Keister joins us to discuss the Federal Vision, an expression of theology within Reformed circles offering alternative views of the Bible’s covenantal structure, ecclesiology and the sacraments. Lane runs Green Baggins, a blog which has become a popular destination for informed, scholarly discussion of issues in reformed theology.


  • Lane Keister
  • Jim Cassidy
  • Jeff Waddington
  • Nick Batzig
  • Camden Bucey



Beale, G. K. The Temple and the Church’s Mission: A Biblical Theology of the Dwelling Place of God. InterVarsity Press, 2004.

Beisner, E. Calvin., and Fla.). Knox Theological Seminary (Fort Lauderdale. The Auburn Avenue theology, Pros and Cons : Debating the Federal Vision. Fort Lauderdale, FL: Knox Theological Seminary, 2004.

Beougher, Timothy K. Richard Baxter and Conversion : A Study of the Puritan Concept of Becoming a Christian. Fearn, Ross-shire, Scotland: Mentor, 2007.

Clark, R. Scott., and Westminster Seminary California. Covenant, Justification, and Pastoral Ministry : Essays by the Faculty of Westminster Seminary California. Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Pub., 2007.

Jordan, James B. Through New Eyes : Developing a Biblical View of the World. Brentwood, Tenn.: Wolgemuth & Hyatt, 1988.

Köstenberger, Andreas J., and Scott R. Swain. Father, Son and Spirit : the Trinity and John’s Gospel. Nottingham, England; Downers Grove, Illinois: Apollos ; InterVarsity Press, 2008.

Leithart, Peter J. The Baptized Body. Moscow, ID: Canon Press, 2007.

—. The Priesthood of the Plebs : A Theology of Baptism. Eugene, Or.: Wipf and Stock Pub., 2003.

Lusk, Rich. Paedofaith : A Primer on the Mystery of Infant Salvation and a Handbook for Covenantal Parents. Monroe, La.: Athanasius Press, 2005.

MacDonald, Neil B., and Carl R. Trueman. Calvin, Barth and Reformed Theology. Paternoster, 2008.

Meyers, Jeffrey J. The Lord’s Service: The Grace of Covenant Renewal Worship. Canon Press, 2003.

Otis, John M. Danger in the Camp : An Analysis and Refutation of the Heresies of the Federal Vision. Corpus Christi, Tex.: Triumphant Publications, 2005.

Poythress, Vern S. “Kinds of Biblical Theology.” The Westminster Theological Journal 70, no. 1 (Spring 2008): 129-142.

Reymond, Robert. Faith’s Reasons for Believing: An Apologetic Antidote to Mindless Christianity. Mentor, 2008.

Sandlin, Andrew., John H. Armstrong, Don B. Garlington, Mark. Horne, Peter J. Leithart, Rich. Lusk, et al. A Faith That is Never Alone: A Response to Westminster Seminary California. La Grange, Calif.: Kerygma Press, 2007.

Schwertley, Brian M. The Auburn Avenue Theology : A Biblical Critique. Saunderstown, RI; Iola, WI: The American Presbyterian Press ; Covenanted Reformation Press, 2005.

Shepherd, Norman. The Call of Grace : How the Covenant Illuminates Salvation and Evangelism. Phillipsburg, N.J.: P & R Pub., 2000.

Tipton, Lane G. and Jeffrey Waddington, ed. Resurrection and Eschatology : Theology in Service of the Church : Essays in Honor of Richard B. Gaffin, Jr. Phillipsburg N.J.: P&R Pub., 2008.

Vos, Geerhardus, and James T. Dennison. The Letters of Geerhardus Vos. Phillipsburg, N.J.: P&R Pub., 2005.

Waters, Guy Prentiss. The Federal Vision and Covenant Theology : A Comparative Analysis. Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R Publ., 2006.

Wilkins, J. Steven, and Duane. Garner. The Federal Vision. Monroe, La.: Athanasius Press, 2004.

Wilson, Douglas. “Reformed” is Not Enough. Moscow, Idaho: Canon Press, 2002.

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Christ the Center focuses on Reformed Christian theology. In each episode a group of informed panelists discusses important issues in order to encourage critical thinking and a better understanding of Reformed doctrine with a view toward godly living. Browse more episodes from this program or subscribe to the podcast feed.


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