Justification Sola Fide

We are pleased to welcome back to the program Dr. Lane G. Tipton, Associate Professor of Systematic Theology at Westminster Theological Seminary in Philadelphia, PA. Dr. Tipton was recently inaugurated to the Charles Krahe Chair of Systematic Theology and delivered an inaugural address titled, “Biblical Theology and the Westminster Standards Revisited: Union with Christ and Justification Sola Fide.”

As he walks us through his inaugural lecture, Dr. Tipton addresses the relationship of justification to faith and union with Christ and then turns to interact with the distinction Louis Berkhof made between objective and subjective or active and passive justification. In short, Tipton demonstrates that union with Christ by faith is also antecedent to the declaration of righteousness, which is based on the imputed righteousness of Christ.

Participants: ,

Christ the Center focuses on Reformed Christian theology. In each episode a group of informed panelists discusses important issues in order to encourage critical thinking and a better understanding of Reformed doctrine with a view toward godly living. Browse more episodes from this program or subscribe to the podcast feed.

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7 years ago

Thank you for this discussion. Could you possibly describe for me what “radically speculative” may mean in this discussion. I do understand what biblicism is.


Camden Bucey

7 years ago

Dr. Tipton often speaks of a radically non-speculative theology. In short, he means that faithful theologizing should be uncompromisingly tethered to and founded upon the Word of God (and our confessional standards insofar as they are founded upon God’s Word). I suppose a radically speculative theology would be entirely divorced from any such standard.

desert rat of Morgan

7 years ago

“God did, from all eternity, decree to justify the elect; and Christ did, in the fullness of time, die for their sins and rise again for their justification; nevertheless they are not justified until the Holy Spirit doth, in due time, actually apply Christ unto them” (WCF 11.4).

An interesting excursus is the application of justification to the O.T. elect temporally prior to the historical achievement of that justification by Christ: “Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after his incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated into the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices wherein he was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman, which should bruise the serpent’s head, and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world, being yesterday and today the same and for ever” (WCF 8.6).

Is there any conflict here?

Thank, by the way, for this interview. I’ve listened to both the inaugural lecture and this podcast several times this week and recommended it to friends. Real spiritual meat here.

Steve Schmidt

7 years ago

I found this to be the clearest and most persuasive of Dr. Tipton’s CTK appearances. Very much appreciated.

Bill Snodgrass

7 years ago

Desert Rat of Morgan: No conflict between WCF 11:4 and 8:6. The OT saints were justified by Christ, in and by the promises, types, sacrifices, etc. Agreed ?



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